Subtopic: Critical Analysis of Interaction between Western and Native Science
Name: Muhammad Bilal Azam
Conference: This paper is presented in 3rd International Punjabi Conference 2020, on February 06, 2020, held at Department of Punjabi, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan.
Institution: Department of Physics, Lahore University of Management Sciences

In the age of industrial revolution, British emerged as world leaders and adopted educational reforms amalgamated with cultural norms to affirm their domination in the colonial era. Although, their imperialistic agenda in educational policy was to strengthen their rule yet the locals of the Punjab took this as an opportunity to harness their skills. Since then, the locals and the authorities started prioritizing scientific education and our institutions nurtured some of the most brilliant minds of the world in science, including three Nobel Laureates. This study is an attempt to look at the adoption and evolution of science education in Punjab since the British rule. It is a common practice to claim that Punjab remained backward in education and especially in science since these policies of British rule were aimed to achieve political and economic stability but we will see how the atmosphere and culture of Punjab fostered the scientific mindset. We will also see how our institutions reshaped the lives of worldly renowned scientists including Abdus Salam, Har Gobind Khorana, Mahbub ul Haq and others and this is still in continuation. During the colonial period, an extensive interaction had been seen between native and colonial sciences and it paved the path of western science to be associated as a nation-building instrument rather than as a part to strengthen colonialism and it covered a whole range of specialties from social science to natural sciences. This system not only keeps itself emerging in subcontinent but the scientists lend their services to the western world too.

Pre-Print and Presentation
A pre-print can be downloaded from here (direct link).
Conference presentation can be downloaded from here.